Build your own shed, step by step instructions

Simply building a tool shed yourself saves a lot of money. Because a simple coach house can often be set up quickly thanks to the simple construction and inexpensive building material.

But this tool shed will not be able to serve too much more than a storage space or storage room. In order to accommodate enough materials, the house needs one thing above all: plenty of storage space.

So you can put everything there that takes up space in the garden or allotment, is not weatherproof or just looks ugly: lawn mowers, hedge trimmers or garden furniture with cushions and covers.

In addition, everything that no longer fits in the garage is often placed here: bicycles, motorcycles or other vehicles.

Since the garden shed does not have to be comfortable, the sheds offered are kept rather simple – there is neither a veranda nor decorative elements and only rarely windows. So the available space including the walls can be used ideally.

A shed normally counts as an annex and therefore usually does not require a building permit from a building law and insurance perspective.

The arbor should be simple

An arbor is to be created in a simple design using inexpensive building materials and simple construction. This applies in particular to the interior, where e.g. a luxury fit-out with expensive wall and ceiling cladding is not desirable.

The furnishing and furnishing of the gazebos must not enable the allotment gardeners to use their homes regularly in all seasons.

The short-term stay or a makeshift overnight stay is not prohibited by law.

Legislators have another option for controlling the expansion of the gazebos using the guidelines for the valuation of plantings and plants that exist in almost every federal state.

If the allotment gardener has been advised of the maximum compensation limit before the start of construction, he is not entitled to a higher compensation. The development requirements depend on the allotment use.

Necessary development facilities are therefore only the water supply for the garden and the traffic connection of the gardens.

Build shed from wood

Wood is the most important and most common building material from the plant world. It is a renewable raw material that is also harvested in our home country.

The transport from the forest to the processing or sales point and construction site can be kept very short. We should therefore only use local woods if possible. The properties of the different types of wood differ considerably.

However, the following applies to almost all woods:

  • they are very stable and elastic in relation to their weight
  • they are very dimensionally stable in the event of temperature fluctuations
  • they insulate and store heat equally
  • they compensate for short-term fluctuations in moisture
  • they adapt to the air humidity in their environment
  • they are sensitive to changes in humidity
  • they swell when
  • they absorb water and disappear when they dry
  • they are the only building material that does not increase natural radioactivity

By shredding the old wood, partial recycling of wooden parts is possible.

Wood is a living building material, which thanks to its diverse appearance, smell and pleasant surface has a positive impact on its surroundings.

Wood protection measures

When building the gazebo out of wood, we are faced with the problem that wood can weather, age and be infected by insect pests (e.g. woodworm-beetles, wood wasps) or fungi.

Moist wood is an ideal breeding ground for fungi that can develop well when the necessary warmth is added. The larvae of the wood wasp feel most comfortable when the wood is fresh and juicy and the temperature is 25 degrees.

Based on the definition of wood protection – all measures that prevent natural weathering and destruction by fungi or insect pests in order to achieve a long service life – our goal of protecting the wood can be achieved by subsequent, environmentally compatible measures.

1. Selection of suitable types of wood

The following are some resistance classes of different types of wood, which we can use to orient ourselves when buying the wood:

Spruce: sufficiently resistant
Maple: not resistant
Jaws: satisfactorily resistant
Birch: not resistant
Douglas fir: satisfactorily resistant
Oak: good resistance
Fir: sufficiently resistant
Robinia: very resistant
Larch: satisfactorily resistant
Teak: very good resistance

2. Constructive wood protection

Constructive wood protection means all structural measures that help to do without chemical wood protection, i.e.

Use wood that is as hard as possible (e.g. Douglas fir, larch, oak, robinia, pine)

Winter wood is ideal because it was felled in January, at a time when the sap of the trees has withdrawn, making the wood inherently more resistant to insect pests (but it is also more expensive due to the increased effort involved in hitting)

the wood must be installed in a dry state (it should not be left on the construction site for days in the rain)

it must not be exposed to direct sunlight, as this can result in surface temperatures of up to 80 degrees and thus cracking

roof overhang as large as possible (if permitted in the development plan) and the fastest possible drainage of rainwater

3. Physical wood protection

Physical wood protection includes optical wood protection, surface hardening, water drainage improvement and finishing. These points can be achieved by the following measures:

Choose breathable waxes for interiors
Glazes = coatings that do not contain opaque pigments.

Glazes have the advantage that they do not have to be removed before post-treatment, the wood can swell and shrink well underneath, and the pores remain open.

Varnishes as a covering for wooden surfaces. They make the wood resistant to mechanical influences. It should be noted that they must be water-soluble acrylic paints, as they release water instead of a solvent when they dry. The paints with the blue environmental angel still contain solvents, albeit in a reduced amount. There is now a wide range of organic products on the market.

4. Chemical wood protection

If we observe these points when building, chemical wood protection in our latitudes is almost unnecessary!

However, if you do not want to do without it, you should only use wood-containing agents. With wood tar you get the best protection that can be achieved with the brush without any danger to health and the environment.

Wood tar arises when wood is heated and the evaporated substances become liquid when they cool down. Caution: It is important to ensure that only products that do not contain PAH (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) are used.

Chemical wood preservatives with the following ingredients (they are usually declared on the packaging) should be kept away from the precautionary principle, since there are at least contradictory studies regarding their possible harmful effects on humans, animals and the environment:

Agents containing PCP
Agents containing lindane
Endosulfan-containing agents
Agents containing carbolineum

Conclusion: Effective wood protection for the gazebo
The best wood protection is the right choice of wood and constructive wood protection.

The typical Black Forest houses prove that this is the best solution. With protruding roofs, they protect the facades and wooden beams from rain and thus protect the wood from weathering for decades.

Paint gazebo

The once pretty wooden gazebo has long left its better years behind? She now looks pitifully shabby. Then it is time to “dress” them again.

First the old paint is carefully removed with a wire brush, then the wall is given a primer coat with slightly diluted, environmentally friendly acrylic paint.

After the layer has been dried and sanded with fine sandpaper, the trim strips come on. Here you can brush with courage – also with acrylic paint, but this time undiluted.

Finally, the white areas between the strips are fitted and the base must not be neglected. He receives a coat of undiluted acrylic paint that matches the color of the trim.

The old arbor has awakened to new life and should not be neglected again. The German Lacquer Institute recommends that everything made of wood in the house and in the garden be freshly painted every three to four years – not only because it looks nicer, but also to counteract the consequences of UV radiation, wetness and cold. This prevents weather damage and preserves values.

Greenhouses and tool sheds

Other structures (houses that are artificially connected to the ground) may be built in an allotment garden, provided that they are used by the allotment garden.

This applies in particular to greenhouses insofar as this is permitted by the respective garden regulations. For tool sheds, this only applies if there is no arbor. Small animal stalls are not used for allotment use and are therefore generally not permitted.

Unless it is regulated in a development plan, the kind of building materials is left to the allotment gardeners. But there are some basic principles that should be observed when it comes to building materials.

As we know today, there are health interactions and effects between building materials and humans (building biology). In addition, the ecological integration in the region is of great importance (building ecology).

The sea container as a gazebo
In the case of a gazebo, there is hardly a surprise in terms of appearance: in the gardens, you can generally see small log houses from the hardware store. One is the same, differences are often not recognizable at first glance. So why not do something extraordinary and use a used sea container as a gazebo?

In the case of a gazebo, there is hardly a surprise in terms of appearance: in the gardens, you can generally see small log houses from the hardware store. One is the same, differences are often not recognizable at first glance. So why not do something extraordinary and use a used sea container as a gazebo?

Advantages over the traditional gazebo

What sounds pretty crazy at first glance quickly proves to be useful if the advantages come into view:

1. A used sea container is relatively cheap.
2. It offers a large storage space.
3. A time-consuming setup is not necessary.
4.If the container is no longer needed, it can be sold and transported without any problems.

Permission for permanent use

Before moving a container into the home garden, however, it must be noted that a permit is required. At least that’s the case if you want it to be there permanently. The term permanent is of course stretchy. Depending on the type of application, however, it can quickly be recognized whether it is only a short-term or a permanent solution.

This is not necessary for temporary use, for example if devices find a place to store them there during a conversion. However, anyone who plans to turn a sea container into a gazebo should get information from the responsible building authority.

These regulations apply not only to containers, but also to traditional gazebos. Since they differ from state to state, an individual demand makes sense. The base area is sometimes used as a benchmark, in other federal states the cubic meters count. It is also not allowed to use the gazebo to create a lounge or to install a toilet.

Creatively beautify the sea container

While many gazebos from the hardware store give a uniform picture, a sea container already falls out of the frame due to its shape. Due to the large area of ​​the side walls, it can be embellished with color. Those who are creative and artistically gifted create a real work of art in the garden.

1.To be able to paint it, the container must be cleaned first. With a wire brush, water and a rag, excess dirt can be removed.
By treating with the wire brush, the old paint can be roughened so that the new coat lasts better.
2. A primer plus a coat of white acrylic varnish ensures that the other colors come into their own.
3. Once the acrylic paint has dried, the actual embellishment of the container begins. If you prefer it simple, just choose a color. But you can even create real paintings on the side walls or apply stylish graffiti. Or do the children get a free hand and are allowed to beautify them according to their ideas?
4.If the outside area is finished, there are still some shelves on the walls, a small workbench and a chest of drawers. In addition, it should not be forgotten to lay a power line to the sea container so that lamps provide brightness.

Do you feel like building your own shed, but still don’t know exactly how it works?
No problem, we have the perfect collection of instructions for the most diverse sheds.
Here everything is explained step by step again how you can easily build a shed yourself on just one weekend.

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And let’s not even get into trying to “Wing it”.

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Here’s the deal: If you’re going to invest the time, money and energy in building a shed yourself…

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Easier said than done!

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