These five types of vegetables are also suitable for beginners and promise a rich and, above all, quick harvest – even without a green thumb.
Planting, watering and harvesting for beginners: Even absolute garden greenhorns do not have to do without fresh vitamins from their own snack garden. The cultivation of these vegetables succeeds straight away, without previous knowledge and promises quick results – even in a bucket.
With its red stems, Swiss chard provides color in the vegetable garden
Its stems are eaten like asparagus, the leaves like spinach: depending on the variety, Swiss chard has pure white, rich red or bright yellow stems and even takes on the colors of pure ornamental plants. As a beginner, there is not much you can do wrong with Swiss chard, as it copes well with both cold and heat. It is sown directly in nutritious soil in March or April, vegetable beds provide you with a good portion of compost. After six to eight weeks it is harvest time. Never harvest the whole plant at once, but only cut off the outer leaves. Then you can harvest regularly.
Radishes can be harvested in part after three or four weeks
Delicious, uncomplicated and ideal for the impatient: Radishes are often ready to harvest just six weeks after sowing. The easiest way is to sow in rows directly into the bed. Not too tight, otherwise the plants will jostle tightly and get in each other’s way. Important: The soil should always be evenly moist, with frequent changes of soil moisture and dryness, radishes burst.
Tip: There are plants that take their time and, like parsley, sprout very slowly – often only after four weeks. It is easy to forget where the rows of seeds are in the bed. Therefore, sow radishes that germinate quickly and mark the rows of seeds. By the time the parsley is ready, the radishes are often harvested.
Lettuce forms relatively large heads with delicate, rather soft leaves
Whether lettuce or picking salads – quick success is guaranteed. Picking lettuce can be harvested continuously and cut with scissors. When it comes to lettuce, there is a trick so that not all plants are ripe at once and you then no longer know where to go with the heads of lettuce: plant young plants and sow one row of lettuce at the same time and then another one every two weeks. So you can always harvest some lettuce for weeks. Salad does not like the midday sun, which is why it grows best next to rows of tomatoes.
Plant lettuce flat, otherwise it will grow poorly and quickly catch fungal diseases. The soil press pot with the root ball should still protrude slightly above the soil surface in the bed.
Even though peas are so small, they have a higher protein and mineral content than many other vegetables
Peas are sown until mid-April, to the right and left of a trellis, or planted as young plants right next to them until mid-May. As an inexpensive but effective climbing aid, you can also stick long, branched vines directly next to the young peas in the ground. Peas do not tolerate heat, they do not bloom from temperatures of 25 degrees Celsius upwards, which is why early sowing in April also promises the best success. Peas love well-drained, nutritious soil, which you can best improve with a good portion of compost, and heavy clay soil with a little sand.
The most important rule when watering: Water only in the floor area if possible
Tomatoes grow all by themselves. All you need is a rainproof place in a greenhouse or tomato house and you also feel at home in large planters that you place under a canopy or even on the balcony. If you stand in the rain, tomatoes catch the blight very quickly, the whole tomato plants completely ruined within a few days. Therefore, be careful not to wet the leaves when watering and, as a precaution, cut off any leaves near the ground that would otherwise be hit by water spray. The soil should always be evenly moist, otherwise the fruits will burst. When the first small fruits appear, provide the plants with a special tomato fertilizer. With the fruit curtain, their hunger increases!
Are you interested in growing vegetables and fruits?
We have put together a great collection of instructions and helpful tips for you here. There you will learn exactly how everything works and what you have to pay attention to.
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